$ nano hostname_and_ip.sh
and insert the script:
Now run the script, an example of my naming and ip convention can be seen below. But adapt to your liking.
First argument: the new hostname
Second argument: the new static IP
Third argument: the IP of your Router
$ sh hostname_and_ip.sh k8s-master 192.168.1.100 192.168.1.1
$ sh hostname_and_ip.sh k8s-worker-02 192.168.1.102 192.168.1.1
$ sh hostname_and_ip.sh k8s-worker-03 192.168.1.103 192.168.1.1
Now, reboot the Pi. You should be able to access the Pi over SSH as follows:
$ ssh firstname.lastname@example.org (or k8s-worker-01.local etc.)
Verify that your Pi now also has a new static IP by running ifconfig.
Now, that the static networking and naming is in place, we need to install some software on the Raspberry Pi.
Therefore, create a new file on the Raspberry Pi:
$ nano install.sh
Copy and insert the following script.
Execute the script
$ sh install.sh
This will install and configure docker, disable swap and install kubeadm.
Reboot the machine, and repeat this process for all your Raspberry Pis.
So, we are now ready to set up Kubernetes. To do this, we are going to use the awesome tool called, kubeadm. This makes it pretty easy to spin up a Kubernetes cluster by, basically, running kubeadm init on the master node and kubeadm join on the worker nodes.
One of the purposes of this cluster is going to be demoing Kubernetes stuff. One example could be to pull out the network cable of one of the worker nodes and demoing how Kubernetes deals with this situation by rescheduling the pods from the lost node.
Therefore, we would like to change one of the arguments to the kube-controller-manager, namely, pod-eviction-timeout which defaults to 5 minutes. That’s a long time to wait in a presentation. Instead, we want to change this to 10s. You may also want to change the time that Kubernetes allows the node to be unresponsive. It defaults to 40 seconds. To change this, add the following argument to the master configuration : node-monitor-grace-period: 10s.
Changing arguments passed to the different Kubernetes core components by kubeadm is pretty simple. We just have to pass a YAML configuration file specifying the arguments we want to change. Let’s do that.
Create the configuration file:
$ nano kubeadm_conf.yaml
Copy and insert the following
Save and run
$ sudo kubeadm init --config kubeadm_conf.yaml
This takes a couple of minutes. Once the process finishes you should see something similar to:
Your Kubernetes master has initialized successfully!
To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config
You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:
You can now join any number of machines by running the following on each node
kubeadm join --token TOKEN 192.168.1.100:6443 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash HASH
Follow the instructions in the output:
$ mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
$ sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
$ sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config
You can verify that your master node is up and running.
pi@master:~ $ kubectl get nodes
NAME STATUS ROLES AGE VERSION
master NotReady master 3m v1.9.0
Don’t mind the status being NotReady. In order for the master node to become ready, we need to install a container network. But before we do that, let’s add some more nodes to the cluster first.
Alright, next up we need to spin up some workers for the cluster to be complete.
Assuming you have already set up the prerequisites mentioned above, we basically only need to run the kubeadm join on each of your worker nodes. As shown above, kubeadm outputs the command that you need to run on all your worker nodes.
$ sudo kubeadm join --token TOKEN 192.168.1.100:6443 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash HASH
Repeat for every node.
Nodes are not able to communicate without a container network, which is something you have to provide. Therefore, the final piece of the puzzle is to add one. We will be using weave-net for this. On the master node, run the following command:
$ kubectl apply -f “https://cloud.weave.works/k8s/net?k8s-version=$(kubectl version | base64 | tr -d ‘\n’)
That was it. You should now have a fully functioning Raspberry Pi Kubernetes cluster. Verify your setup by running
pi@k8s-master:~ $ kubectl get nodes
NAME STATUS ROLES AGE VERSION
k8s-master Ready master 17m v1.11.2
k8s-worker-01 Ready <none> 10m v1.11.2
k8s-worker-02 Ready <none> 10m v1.11.2
k8s-worker-03 Ready <none> 6m v1.11.2